Journal of Oral Tissue Engineering

Gene Expression of Adipocytokine Receptors during Osteoblastic Differentiation

Aiko KAMADA1, Takashi IKEO1, Yoshihiro YOSHIKAWA1, Eisuke DOMAE1, Seiji GODA1, Isao TAMURA1, Kaoru TANABE1, Jun-ichi TANABE1, Hiroshi ITSUSAKI1, Goichi KINOSHITA1, Tadanori KITANO2, Yuko KIKUCHI2 and Joji OKAZAKI3

1Department of Biochemistry, 2Department of Interdisciplinary Dentistry for
Postgraduate Trainee, 3Department of Removable Prosthodontics,
Osaka Dental Univ., Osaka, Japan

J Oral Tissue Engin 2009;7(1): 53-60

Full Text. DOI

In order to elucidate the involvement of adipocytokine action in bone formation, we demonstrated the expression of adipocytokine receptors, leptin receptor (LepR) and adiponectin receptors (AdipoR1 and AdipoR2), in cultured pro-osteoblastic cells during osteoblastic differentiation.
The mRNA expression levels of osteocalcin and Runx2 were increased significantly by culture with differential medium. Both adiponectin receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, were also increased significantly during osteoblastic differentiation, though there were no significant changes in the leptin receptor, LepR, level. This indicated that adiponectin rather than leptin may be involved in osteoblastic differentiation.
Circulating adiponectin includes both a full-length type and a globular type. We also investigated the effect of globular adiponectin (gAN) on the induction of osteoblastic properties. gAN significantly suppressed the induced gene expression of osteocalcin and adiponectin receptors.
Our results indicate that the expressions of adiponectin receptors may be involved in osteoblastic differentiation without involvement of the serum globular type of adiponectin.

Key words: adiponectin receptor, leptin receptor, osteoblast, globular adiponectin